TURKIYE IN BRIEF

Turkiye is a paradise of sun, sea, mountains, and lakes that offers the vacationer a complete change from the stress and routine of everyday life. From April to October, most places in Turkiye have an ideal climate that is perfect for relaxing on sandy beaches or enjoying the tranquility of mountains and lakes.

Turkiye also has a magnificent past, and is a land full of historic treasures from 13 successive civilizations spanning 10,000 years. Even if you spend only a short time in Turkiye, you can see a lot of this great past. Because of its geographical location the mainland of Anatolia has always found favor throughout history, and is the birthplace of many great civilizations. It has also been prominent as a centre of commerce because of its land connections to three continents and the sea surrounding it on three sides.

There is no doubt that one visit will not be enough, and you will want to come back again and again as you discover one extraordinary place after another. All of them, no matter how different, have one thing in common: the friendly and hospitable people of this country.

Turkiye Information

 

The Republic of Turkiye (TURKIYE CUMHURIYETI)

 

FOUNDER        : Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK (1881-1938) 

LOCATION        : Eastern Mediterranean. Located on two continents: Europe and Asia.   The European part is called Thrace, while the Asian part is called Anatolia

AREA        : 814 578 square kilometers (314 500 square miles)  % 13 on the European continent, % 87 on the Asian continent 

CAPITAL        : ANKARA

POPULATION: 76 million (as of 2012) 

MAJOR CITIES: Istanbul 13 million, Ankara 5 million, Izmir 3.9 million, Bursa 2.4 million

LANGUAGE        : Turkish (uses Latin alphabet)

CURRENCY        : Turkish Lira  - TL

FLAG        : Red background with a white crescent and star in the middle. 

RELIGION        : % 75 of the population is Muslim. There are Jewish – Christian – Budist – Athesit people in Turkiye. Turkiye is the only country among Islamic  countries, which has included secularism in her constitution and guarantees   complete freedom of worship to non-Muslims. 

 

Government

Turkiye is a democratic, secular and social state governed by the rule of law; committed to the nationalism of Atatürk and based on the principle of the separation of powers;

Legislative power: The Turkish Grand National Assembly

Executive power: President and the Council of Ministers

Judicial power: Independent courts and supreme judiciary organs 

 

Education System

Primary Education: 4+ 4 + 4 years starting  age of the school is 66 moths old. You can choose a thechnical or religious school after the first 4 years. It is compulsory for all male and female citizens.

Secondary Education        : Consists of general and vocational-technical high schools that offer four years of education. 

Higher Education        : Includes all educational institutions where an educational program of at least two years over and above secondary education is implemented where associate's, bachelor' s, master's or doctorate degree are offered.

Primary and secondary education is free of charge in public schools. Higher education institutions, however, charge a certain minimal tuition fee.

 

Geographical Regions 

Turkiye has a coastline of 8333 Km. (5000 miles).

Turkiye is surrounded by sea on three sides, by the Black Sea in the north, the Mediterranean in the south and the Aegean Sea in the west. In the northwest there is also an important internal sea, the Sea of Marmara, between the straits of the Dardanelles and the Bosporus. 

Turkiye has 81 administrative provinces and seven geographical regions. The first four of the seven regions are given the names the seas which are adjacent to them.

- Black Sea Region - Marmara Region - Aegean Region - Mediterranean Region

The other three regions are named in accordance with their location in the whole of Anatolia.

Central Anatolian Region - Eastern Anatolian Region - Southeastern Anatolian Region

 

Famous Landmarks  

In Istanbul        : AyaSofya, Topkapı Palace, Blue Mosque, Dolmabahçe  Palace, Kariye Museum.

Elsewhere in Turkiye: Ancient City of Troy, Ephesus, Aphrodisias, Pergamon, Pamukkale, Göreme-Cappadocia, Mt.Nemrut, Safranbolu, Sümele Monastery, Mevlevi Convent and Museum, Halil Rahman Mosque in Şanlı Urfa.

İstanbul, Safranbolu, Boğazköy-Hattushash, Mt. Nemrut Remains, Xanthos-Lethoon, Divriği Great Mosque and Hospital, Troy, Pamukkale and Göreme-Cappadocia are registered on the World Heritage List to help preserve them for future generations.

Turkiye is the leading producer of hard-shell nuts, figs and apricots, fourth largest producer of fresh vegetables, grapes and tobacco and seventh largest producer of wheat and cotton.  Turkish delight and helva are famous throughout the world.

Turkiye is among the leading countries in the world in textiles and ready to wear clothing production. The exports of this sector constitute 37 percent of total industrial exports. The leather processing industry is also very developed in Turkiye both in terms of technological level and high production capacity and comes after textiles in terms of export figures.

High-quality handmade Turkish carpets are also one of the main export items of Turkiye. The most famous and finest pure silk carpets of the world are produced in the small town of Hereke, 60 km east of İstanbul. Turkiye is Europe's third largest ceramic producer.

 

Transportation

Transportation in Turkiye is quite good. Buses and trains are available in every region. Within the cities, the public transportation system is good. In small cities you can always hire a taxi. 

By bus, from İstanbul it takes 12 hours to Antalya, 8 to İzmir, 14 to Bodrum, 12 to Cappadocia, 16 to Rize, 8 to Ankara, 16 to Diyarbakır, 3 to Bursa. By train, allow another 4-5 hours or even more in some cases.

Buses are very popular in Turkiye, especially night buses. Also flights are cheap and good but from the airports you must have checked the public transportation, otherwise it will cost too much to the centers from the airports.

Telephone System

To dial within city: just dial the 7-digit number 

(The Asian and the European side of Istanbul are treated as separate cities).

 

To dial outside of city and to dial mobile phones: dial 0 + area code + 7-digit phone number

To dial outside of Turkiye        : dial 00 + country code + area code + phone

To dial Turkiye                : dial 00 +90+Area Code+7-digit phone number